Friday, September 09, 2011

Happy Thiru Onam

For those who keep track of their birth star: Today's Shravanam is ThiruOnam. For rest of the year, if you are born on shravanam star - you are shravanam wonly :-)

Vishnu temples in South India portray Vishnu in 4 types of poses. It is called 'Thiru kolangal'. The poses are "Nindraan" "kidandhan" "irundhan" "nadanthan" thirukolangal. An example of "Nindraan" is Thirupathi, where Srinivasa Perumal is in a standing pose. Oppiliappan is another example of standing pose. An example of 'Kidandhaan' is Srirangam where Vishnu is in reclining pose. An example of 'irundhaan' is Kanchipuram Varadaraja perumal, where perumal is in sitting pose.

Lastly, Nadandhaan. In Kanchipuram, Kumbakonam, Thiruneermalai and few other temples the Nadandhaan pose is gloriously portrayed. This pose is unique to the Vaamana avatharam. Each temple portraying the Nadandhaan thirukolam shows the famous raised-leg pose at a progressively higher and higher incline. The Ulagalandha Perumal Kovil in Kanchipuram (the uragatthan+Neeragatthan+karagatthan one) is the largest diety. The raised leg is so stunningly long that it is hard to see the tip of the leg without bending down and looking upwards. Thirukovilur (near Kadalur/Vizhupuram/Thiruvannamalai) is the main Vamana avatharam temple. Thiruneermalai near pallavaram has Vishnu in all 4 Thiru Kolangal.

King Mahabali is very dear to Keralites. I have heard that many Keralites, when they see Vaishnavites praying in Padmanabhaswamy temple on Thiru Onam - they say "Today is the day of our king Mahabali. Your vamana wouldnt exist without him."

So I'll leave you with my favorite two passurams: ஓங்கி உலகளந்த உத்தமன் பேர் பாடி and அன்றி இவ்வுலகம் அளந்தாய் அடி போற்றி

p.s: If anybody can locate more Vaamana avatharam based prabhandha paasurams - do leave them in comments section.

21 comments:

Soccerfan777 said...

उपेन्द्रो वामनः प्रांशुरमोघ शुचिरुर्जितः।
अतीन्द्र संग्रह सर्गो धृतात्मा नियामो यमः॥

Upendro vamanah pramshur amoghah suchir urjitaha
Atindrah sangrahah sargo dhrutatma niyamo Yamaha..

- Vishnusahasranama Stotra

Hawkeye said...

soccerFan,

you know that the Aryan Invasion Theory is a myth.. right?

'vedic aryan way of life' and bhakthi movement are contiguos things.

but very interesting :-) i cant think of a daily anushtanam minus prabhandam

MaySan said...

Bharath, there are tons of pAsurams on Vamanavataram, apart from Rama, Krishna, Nrusimha, this is a famous avataram!

Example: porumaa_neeLpadai* aazisangkaththodu,*
thirumaa_neeLkazal* Ezulakumthoza,*
orumaaNikkuRaLaaki*_nimirndha,* ak
karumaaNikkam* en kaNNuLathaakumE.
thiruvaimozhi 1.10.1

aRiyaak kaalaththuLLE* adimaikkaN anbu cheyviththu,*
aRiyaa maamaayaththu* adiyEnai vaiththaayaal,*
aRiyaamaik kuRaLaay* nilammaavali moovadiyenRu,*
aRiyaamai vanchiththaay* enathaaviyuL kalandhE. 2.3.3

vaattamilpugaz* vaamananai,* isai
kootti* vaNsadakOpan sol,* amai
paattu* Oraayiraththu ip paththaal,* adi
sUttalaakum* andhaamamE. This pAsuram doesnt talk abt Ulagalandaan, but abt the quality of Vamana to restore someone's lost property.

thirivikkiraman _sendhaamaraikkaN* emmaan en _seNGkanivaay*
uruvil polindha veLLaip paLiNGku* _niRaththananenRenRu,* uLLip
paravip paNindhu* pallooziyoozi _ninpaathapaNGkayamE,*
maruvith thozum manamE thandhaay* vallaikaaN en vaamananE. 2.7.7 as part of the Dwadasa naama pAsuram

vanmaa vaiyam aLantha* em vaamanaa,* nin
panmaa maayap* palpiRaviyil padikinRayaan,*
thonmaa valvinaith* thodargaLai muthalarinthu,*
nin maathaaL sErnthu* niRpathu eNYNYaanRukolO? 3.2.2

kaNgaLaal kaaNa* varunkol? enRu aasaiyaal,*
maNkoNda vaamanan* ERa makiznthusel,*
paNkoNda puLLin* siRakoli paavitthu,*
thiNkoLLa Orkkum* kidanthu en_sevigaLE. 3.8.5

'koLvan_naan maavali* moovadi thaa'enRa
kaLvanE,* kancanai vancitthu* vaaNanai
uLvanmai theera,* Oraayiram thOLthuNittha*
puLvallaay,* unnai eNYNYaanRu porunthuvanE? 3.8.9

These are 2 name a few. Even Tirumangai Azhwar enjoys him. Another important kshetram you missed in the post is Seerkazhi which has Talaalan, and Tirumangai azhwar sings as "mannaLanda taalaala" And Seerkazhi is very important in thirumangai azhwar history.

Also, my MIL is working on collecting pAsurams of this avataram, will let you know once she is done! One a side note, I am born on Thiruvonam by ur definition :)

MaySan said...

Also Kanchipuram Deva Perumal/Varadarajan is Nindra Thirukolam, where as there are many other sitting postures like Pandavathoothar sannidhi(near Kanchipuram), Koodal Azhagar sannidhi (madurai), one of the poses in Thirukkurungudi (Irunda Nambi).

Santh said...

There is even Ambarame Thanneere:
"............
ambaram ooda aRuththu Ongi ulagu aLandha
umbar kOmaanE uRangaadhu ezhundhiraay...."

Soccerfan777 said...

@Hawkeye

* Not entirely, but partially a myth. I rely on the findings of anthropologists/ethnographers and genealogists – Factual proof adding support to it.

* Contiguous things? I don’t think so. Try digging deeper into shastras, and see if you can come up without finding inconsistencies between Shastra & Sampradaya. The former is not to be blamed for that.

* Anushtanam - We don’t incorporate prabandhic verses in "Sandhayavandanam/Madhyahnikam". Apart from doing "trikala sandhi' ", shaligrama aradhana is the only other nityakarmanushtanam that I perform. Our Vadakalai Aradhana(the full procedure) is made up of 80% Sanskrit(including both stotras & mantras) and 20% tamil (approx’). I hope you are aware of the shortened procedure "laghu aradhanam", where unfortunately even some of the important hymns(in sanskrit) are omitted. Time doesn’t permit me to perform the detailed kramam, so I’m compelled to shorten it. However, I thought it would be sensible to cut the long procedure short by omitting prabandhams, keeping the integral Sanskrit part.

Anonymous said...

மடிஇலா மன்னவன் எய்தும் அடிஅளந்தான்
தா அயதெலாம் ஒருங்கு.

is a thirukural: 610 Meaning "The slothless king shall gain en masse '
adi allanthaan' is the Lord vaamana reference here

R-ambam

White Rice Vellachami said...

Soccerfan777,

Do you omit slokas like nyAsa daSakam/SaranAgadi dIpikA, vaZi thirunAmam etc in thiruvArAdanam or not? Just curious.

Hawkeye said...

mayura,

thanks for all the paasurams. Next tim will keep an eye out for them as we read along.

santh,

cant beleieve there was another reference hiding in thirupaavai :-)

soccerFan,

i think historians and archealogists have conclusively debunked AIT. It is not a valid theory anymore.

along what "White rice vellaichami" says - since suprabhatham is also bhakthi movement you are only left with 'agnimeele... and thirumanjanam (per laghu aradhanam). What else do you re-add?

i admire your position - even if i disagree- but brahminical vedic age stuff wont even be remotely appealing to me if they are bereft of bhakthi movement elements. its like there is life, brain and no love.

r-ambam,

wow didnt expect on from valluvar.

Anonymous said...

AIT but not Aryan migration theory guess that's what he is alluding too.

-KP

Vivek Raghunathan said...

"ஒருகுறளா யிருநிலம்மூ வடிமண் வேண்டி
உலகனைத்து மீரடியா லொடுக்கி, ஒன்றும்
தருகவெனா மாவலியைச் சிறையில் வைத்த
தாடாளன் தாளணைவீர், தக்க கீர்த்தி
அருமறையின் திரள்நான்கும் வேள்வி யைந்தும்
அங்கங்கள் அவையாறு மிசைக ளேழும்,
தெருவில்மலி விழாவளமும் சிறக்கும் காழிச்
சீராம விண்ணகரே சேர்மி னீரே" - Kaazhicheerama Vinnakaram, Sirkazhi

Soccerfan777 said...

@ Hawkeye and White Rice Vellachami

I said "I only omit the tamil part".

Nyasa Dasakam is essential to completeness (of the procedure) & it's all ab't Prapatti. But Karma, Jnana & Bhakti are of prime importance, and Prapatti is secondary.
Prapatti is for those who are unable/incapable of practicing the 3 yogas - Srimad Rahasta Trasaraya - Vedanta Desika.
Nevertheless, i recite them all (incl' suprabhaatam). But no prabandhic verses.
If you think of Prapatti as a product of the "bhakti movement", you're wrong.
"Sanklishta karmaana matipravaadam nityaanrutam chaaddaya bhaktikam cha,
vikrushtaraagam bahumaaninam chaapyettaanna seveta naraadhamaanasht" - Vidura Neeti

Vidura tells about "the worst six", including "the one who is wanting in/bereft of devotion". Likewise, I can quote verses from more such "vedic age works" (including manusmriti), where the concept of devotion/deed for winning god's grace(in other words, Prapatti) had already been mentioned. - It is indeed a vedic age element.

@ white rice.. - Verses from Saranagati Dipika aren't included in aradhana. The stanza which comes after nyasa dasakam - "samsaaravartavega......nirmayosmi", is from nyasa vimshati. Then followed by guruparampara and "asmat deshikam...".

@Hawkeye
Ever heard of "Aryavarta" & "Dravidavarta"? The former signifies the region above the vindyas(greater/ancient north india incl' pak' & eastern afghan), while the latter corresponds to the deccan/south. I never believed in the "foreign origin" of aryans. That part is definitely a myth.

Rather, we aryans originated in "Greater/Ancient North India which also encompassed PAK', POK & parts of Afghanistan". The dravidians, on the other hand, are native to south. The differences/distinctions(incl' race) bet' the two & their very existence can't be denied.

I advise you to read the "Vadakalai" article in wikipedia. Although the article might still lack some essential info', one can't deny the authenticity of the mentioned facts. It seems we(vadakalai) are genetically unrelated to south indians. Rather, our gene frequencies align with pakistanis.
P.S: Religion and race are two different identities, so don't get confused.

But thenkalais aren't aryan. It seems thenkalais have accepted/admixed with a substantial proportion of TN non-brahmins/shudras - Wiki' Thenkalai article.

Coming back to aradhanam, as i had mentioned above, i never omitted the stotras. And why do I have to re-add something while my procedure is already vast?
'coz there's more to it than you think.
If laghu procedure, from Lifco's, then I must advise against it.
Those missing/not found in laghu procedure -
* Last stanza of nyasa vimshati,
* "Ijyakaalastruteeyo...." in mantrasanam
* Matradaanam
* "Sputikrutam mayaa..." in snanaasanam,
* "deva deva jagannatha..." & "gandhadvara..." in alankarasanam
* "omityagre vyaharate..." & "tam drushtva..." in mantra pushpam.
* "ajnyaanadathavaa..." in paryankaasanam.
...& many more essential mantras.

White Rice Vellachami said...

Soccerfan777,

Some versions of Laghu Aradhanam have the first 10-15 slokas of Saranagdi dIpIka instead of nyAsa daSakam (got to do with maTam/munitrayam thing "adiyen" doesn't know which one has it). I do just mAnasa Aradanam cos of family issues (my father will burst a nut if he sees me doing full ArAdanam).

On the subject of wiki I don't really trust their sources. I dunno if it is still there but wiki says piLLai lOkAchAriAr is vaishya or something. Bullocks!!!!!

Plus, this tenkalai/vadakalai terminology exists for less than 400 years as far as . I know there are 18 differences but the core difference imo is whether repeating BharanyAsam is necessary even though Ramanuja sambandam will give moksham. So, I have to take that wiki source with a tablespoon full of salt what with all the marxist historians !@#$ing things up everywhere.

White Rice Vellachami said...

Plus the damn wiki page says Swamy Desikan "founded" the Vadakalai sect. He did no "founding". After reading many sources I can confidently say that he mentions only a difference of opinion and that both followers of him and Pillai Lokachariar are one and the same.

I dunno if the gene thingy has been done with Tenkalai Iyengars but I am sure a decent percentage would show the same origins as Vadakalai Iyengars.

Soccerfan777 said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Soccerfan777 said...

@ White rice Vellachami

Aradhanam:
It is always Nyasa Dasakam - for both Ahobila Math & Muynitrayam. I have both "Visishtadvaita Pracharani sabha/research centre" and "Lifco" published procedures with me - Both "full & laghu" procedures published by each of them. I suppose "Saranagati Dipika" is only for the staunchy paramekantis.

Although i'm munitrayam, i feel that ahobila matha aradhana procedure is better.
Matham procedure = munitraya procedure + additional sanskritic inclusions.


Ethnicity
I don't believe in the pravachanams of our upanyasins, which are often accompanied with chappa kattu(s). I suppose most of the sources that you've read are from Srivaishnavas. As opposed to those, I can suggest more sources authored by non-Iyengars/neutral parties. Of course, there might be some howlers in the works of some authors, but those from our ppl are full of it.

Your other comments are just based on hearsay - and they are just theories, be it one's own or shared by a group of ppl.

I read somewhere about poet Kamban(14th century poet) referring to Vadakalai as Prakrit, and Thenkalai as Tamil, in one of his works. Months back I came across two online sources (not wiki') - "harappa dna genealogy", and a one "karger genetic". Gene frequencies of Thenkalais from tirupati & karnataka seem to align with that of kallars from madurai & tanjore.

Thenkalais have definitely admixed with dravidian shudras - either this is the cause of the split, or the reason as to why the two are distinct from each other. Otherwise why would the groups be endogamous? Moreover, while some say they split in the 14th century, others (foreign/non-indian historians like thurston) say the two sects always existed as seperate groups.

Browsing across matrimonial profiles, the expectation section in a vadakalai profile would mostly read "alliance needed from our sect/vadakalai only", while that in a thenkalai profile is always "kalai no bar".
I've once been to a thenkalai marriage function. The bridegroom was a friend of mine. They all look so Lankan. They cannot be of pure brahminical ancestry. We vadakalais have strong aryan/north indian features, while most thenkalais are dravidian/south indian/tamil looking.

Don't confuse "sampradaya & acharya parampara" with "genetic descension". For example: The various smartha-subdivisions might appear to be more unified. There are both vadama and brahacharanam followers of kanchi mutt. But this's got nothing to do with ethnicity. Ethnically Vadamas and brahacharanams are poles apart(genetics).

I suppose corresponding references are provided, somewhere at the bottom of every wiki' article. I believe in them, although the existence of minor howlers can't be denied.

Our discussion here doesn't pertain to the post. We've been diverging far from the topic of discussion, here in hawkeye's space. We'll stop it here. Thank You.

Anonymous said...

hawkeye,

another kidandhaan was thiruvallur veeraraghavap perumal.. The name thiruvallur itself is 'thiru ev vul kidandhaan?' (thiruevvalur)...

-blackaccord

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Anonymous said...

There are four Kshetrams where you can have his darshan in Nandan posture- Tirukkovilur, Kanchipuram (Ulagalantha Perumal), Seerkazhi and Tiruneermalai.

Anonymous said...

There are four Kshetrams where you can have his darshan in Nandan posture- Tirukkovilur, Kanchipuram (Ulagalantha Perumal), Seerkazhi and Tiruneermalai.

Anonymous said...

I am surprised at the whole dravidian shudras and aryan supremacy statements from soccer fan. Yes, the Vadakalai sect has had this problem for a while now. Aren't you humans after all? By all means, EmperumAN is the superior one and u are just serving him, just like any other man. Thenkalai sect never insulted sanskrit or the vedas. And, if you go through the history of SriVaishnavism, beyond Wikipedia, that is, you will find that the whole argument and the fight over who is superior is baseless.. There is none superior in front of Him. Everyone is born equal under Him.